Wayne State University

Data@Wayne: NIH expands policy on genomic data sharing

Posted: Thursday, November 13, 2014

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has issued a new policy on genomic data sharing (GDS) which affects grant applications submitted on or after January 25, 2015. The policy applies to all NIH-funded research that generates large-scale human or non-human genomic data regardless of funding level, as well as the use of these data in subsequent research. The GDS policy describes the responsibilities of investigators and institutions for the submission of genomic data to data repositories and for the secondary research use of such data, as well as expectations regarding intellectual property.

The new policy attempts to accelerate the understanding of factors influencing health and disease through the broad sharing of large and information-rich datasets, while providing appropriate protections for the confidentiality and preservation of data from human subjects. In this sense, the new policy can regarded as an extension of (and replacement for) the previous NIH policy on the sharing of data from genome-wide association studies (GWAS).

In the context of the policy, "large scale" data include genome-wide association studies (GWAS), single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) arrays, and genome sequence transcriptomic, epigenomic, and gene expression data. NIH has published Supplemental Information to the GDS Policy to help researchers implement the new policy; this resource includes examples of data falling within the scope of the GDS policy, and guidance on data description standards. Investigators are required to submit data-sharing plans that meet the expectations of the GDS policy with the extramural funding application, and NIH has provided a GDS Data Repository page which lists examples of digital repositories recommended for the deposit of genomic data.

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Research Data Services of the WSU Library System can help you navigate the new NIH GDS policy, identify appropriate data repositories for genomics data, and prepare an NIH data sharing plan.
Contact us at rds@wayne.edu.